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FLAME Project Publications

This page links and, where possible, accessible copies of all of the publications arising from the FLAME project and the approaches (theoretical and practical) which it adopts. Follow us on Wordpress, Twitter, and Facebook, or subscribe to our RSS feed to recieve updates on new and upcoming publications.
If you have any difficulty accessing these resources or have any questions, contact us directly and we will try to help


Map of Iran and Mesopotamia

The ‘tin problem’ in the Near East

Cuénod, A., Bray, P. and Pollard, A.M. (2015). The ‘tin problem’ in the Near East – further insights from a study of chemical datasets on copper alloys from Iran and Mesopotamia. Iran LIII 29-48.


Lead Isotopes

A new method for combining lead isotope and lead abundance data to characterise archaeological copper alloys

Pollard, A.M. and Bray, P.J. (2015). A new method for combining lead isotope and lead abundance data to characterise archaeological copper alloys. Archaeometry 57 996–1008.


Map of the Italian Alps

Physical barriers, cultural connections

Perucchetti, L., Bray, P., Dolfini, A. and Pollard, A.M. (2015). Physical barriers, cultural connections: prehistoric metallurgy in the Alpine region. European Journal of Archaeology 18 599–632.


Map of China

Chemical analysis of ancient Chinese Bronzes

Liu, R., Bray, P., Pollard, A.M., and Hommel, P. (2015). Chemical analysis of ancient Chinese Bronzes: past, present and future. Archaeological Research in Asia 3 1–8, July 2015 (doi:10.1016/j.ara.2015.04.002).


Map of the British Isles

Characterising copper-based metals in Britain in the First Millennium AD

Pollard, A.M., Bray, P., Gosden, C., Wilson, A. and Hamerow, H. (2015). Characterising copper-based metals in Britain in the First Millennium AD: A preliminary quantification of metal flow and recycling. Antiquity 89 697–713.


Form and flow

Form and flow

Bray, P., Cuénod, A., Gosden, C., Hommel, P., Liu, R. and Pollard, A.M. (2015). Form and flow: the ‘karmic cycle’ of copper. Journal of Archaeological Science 56 202-209.


Archaeometallurgy in Global Perspective cover

Chemical and isotopic studies of ancient metals

Pollard, A.M. and Bray, P. (2014). Chemical and isotopic studies of ancient metals. In Roberts B.W. and Thornton C.P. (eds.) Archaeometallurgy in Global Perspective, Springer: New York, pp. 217-237.


front page

Is there something missing in scientific provenance studies of prehistoric artefacts?

Pollard, A.M., Bray, P.J. and Gosden, C. (2014). Is there something missing in scientific provenance studies of prehistoric artefacts? Antiquity 88 625-631.

A New Approach

A new interpretative approach to the chemistry of copper-alloy objects

Bray, P.J. and Pollard, A.M. (2012). A new interpretative approach to the chemistry of copper-alloy objects: source, recycling and technology. Antiquity 86 853-867.

Bronze Age metal circulation in China

Bronze Age metal circulation in China

A.M. Pollard, P. Bray, P. Hommel, Y.-K. Hsu, R. Liu and J. Rawson (2017). Bronze Age metal circulation in ChinaAntiquity 91 674–687.

Applying Oxford System to further understand bronzes in ancient China

Applying Oxford System to further understand bronzes in ancient China

Pollard, A. M., P. Bray, P. Hommel, Y.-K. Hsu, R. Liu, and J. Rawson (2017). Applying Oxford System to further understand bronzes in ancient China 牛津研究体系在中国古代青铜器研究中的应用Kaogu 2017(1), 95-106.

Lead Isotope Analyses of Han Dynasty Mirrors

Lead Isotope Analyses of Han Dynasty Mirrors

Zhangsun, Y. Z., Liu, R. L., Jin, Z. Y., Pollard, A. M., Lu, X., Bray, P. J., Huang, F. (2017). Lead Isotope Analyses Revealed the Key Role of Chang'an in the Mirror Production and Distribution Network During the Han DynastyArchaeometry (in press).

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